Two names, many shared histories
Indenture for William Garbutt b 1803. Transcript
This Indenture made the fourth day of June in the 56th year of the reign of our sovereign Lord King George the Third and in the year of our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and sixteen between William Garbutt son of Eleanor Garbutt of Whitby in the County of York widow, of the one part, and Edward Chapman of the same place merchant – of the other part. Witnesseth that the said William Garbutt hath of his own free will and with the consent of his friends put and bound himself Apprentice to and with the said Edward Chapman and him after the manner of an apprentice to serve for the term of six years, to be computed from the day of the date hereof, and from thence to be fully completed and ended. During which term the said apprentice his said master shall and will faithfully and diligently serve to the utmost of his power; and shall do and perform all such reasonable and lawful service and business, as well at sea, on board of any ships and vessels which shall belong to, or be employed in the service of his said Master, and with and under such person and persons as he shall order or appoint – as on shore, or otherwise, as the Occasions of the said master shall from time to time require: and shall not do, nor wilfully suffer to be done by others, and Hurt, Prejudice, or Damage to the goods, Merchandise, or Affairs of his said Master; but the fame to the utmost of his power shall hinder, and him thereof forthwith warn. He shall not, at any time, absent himself from his said service, but in all things shall behave himself as a good and faithful apprentice during the said term.
Until about 1778 Roman Catholicism was a religion that faced official mistrust and prohibition, even though it had remained strong in the north and in Yorkshire since the Reformation two centuries before. No Catholic could sit in Parliament until the1829 Roman Catholic Relief Act. However, from 1778 onwards a Catholic could own property, inherit land and join the army, all forbidden previously.
The Lawson family of Brough Hall were one of the oldest Roman Catholic families in Yorkshire. The first Baronet had been forced abroad in 1653 during the Commonwealth, but he rewarded for his loyalty to the Crown with the baronetcy at the Restoration of Charles II. However, several of his sons served abroad and his youngest son, Thomas became a Catholic priest.
A brief gravestone message, some rather battered Regency indentures and a watercolour miniature: all these have led to an historical exploration that has taken me back to both Whitby, Yorkshire, and Canada in the early nineteenth century, and may yet lead me back to the time of Captain Cook.
High up on the windswept cliff which is St Mary’s churchyard in Whitby there is a now totally eroded gravestone that stands as an 193 year old record of a local family, the Lawsons. One later descendant of this family, a workhouse master who styled himself ‘Sir’ John Lawson, lost his son to the sea in 1910, as the gravestone starkly commemorates. His great-great grandfather, Philip Lawson, born in 1729, who died at the remarkable age of 104, is also buried on this spot. It was the Lawsons buried or named here, that led me to a journey of discovery about my own great-great-great grandfather, Captain William Garbutt, master mariner of Whitby.
JOHN LAWSON, 1st BARONET of Brough Hall, died 1698. Inherited from his brother Henry. He was a Captain of horse in the Royalist Army. His Estates were confiscated by the Parliamentarians after they had won the Civil War and he went into exile with his family. Upon the restoration of the monarchy his estates were restored and he was made a baronet in 1665 by Charles II.
Married Catherine Howard, (1637-1668), sister of Charles Ist Earl of Carlisle.
They had many children but only two surviving sons who married and had issue:
ZACHARIAH Garbutt (1752-1805) mariner of Whitby, father of Cpt William Garbutt
ELEANOR Garbutt (1764-1819) wife of above and mother of Cpt Wm Garbutt
Surviving Children of the above couple with spouses:
1.Zachariah Garbutt (1791-1833) eldest surviving son of above, brother of Cpt Wm Garbutt
Mary Lawson (1799- 1883) wife of above, sister in law of Cpt Wm Garbutt.
Children of this couple: several, including John Lawson Garbutt, seaman, born 1829, died in 1859, lost at sea on ship ‘Rosshire’.
The Lawson family history is complicated and has been subject of disputes over the centuries ( see post ‘Discord over Inheritance’). This first list indicates the line of the Lawsons who inherited estates and property and who were given the status of baronets which had been recognised ‘officially’.
EDMUND Lawson , Died 1551 Esquire of Byker & West Matsen manors in Northumberland & Durham
Married Margaret Swynhowe
Son and heir:
RALPH 1547-1623 Heir to above estates.
Married Elizabeth, heir to Manor of Burgh ( Brough) near Catterick, Yorkshire. Knighted by James I in 1603
Son & heir: