Two names, many shared histories
BROUGH WITH ST GILES BROUGH PARK
SE 29 NW
4/12 Brough Hall
Country house, now 10 residences. C15, altered and extended c1575, early C17, c1730, c1770 and mid C19. Originally for de Burgh family, after c1575 for Lawson family, early C18 work possibly by William Wakefield, late C15 work by Thomas Atkinson.
Rubble, part roughcast and sandstone ashlar, with Westmorland slate roofs. Central 3-storey, 3-bay C15 tower house with cross-passage and hall, with C16 2-storey 1-bay side bays (west one a solar wing) and rear stair tower.
Recusant* families were, understandably, in close knit communities and the local gentry knew each other well, and often intermarried.
One connection to the Lawsons was recently discovered on a visit to Ripley Castle, near Harrogate, North Yorkshire. The castle is still owned by the Ingelby family who have had possession of it for around 700 years! In the 16th and early 17th centuries the family were staunch Catholics, and indeed the family knew several of those who were involved in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 against James I of England ( VI of Scotland). There is a priest hole in the Castle, only discovered in the 20th century.
JOHN LAWSON, 1st BARONET of Brough Hall, died 1698. Inherited from his brother Henry. He was a Captain of horse in the Royalist Army. His Estates were confiscated by the Parliamentarians after they had won the Civil War and he went into exile with his family. Upon the restoration of the monarchy his estates were restored and he was made a baronet in 1665 by Charles II.
Married Catherine Howard, (1637-1668), sister of Charles Ist Earl of Carlisle.
They had many children but only two surviving sons who married and had issue:
ZACHARIAH Garbutt (1752-1805) mariner of Whitby, father of Cpt William Garbutt
ELEANOR Garbutt (1764-1819) wife of above and mother of Cpt Wm Garbutt
Surviving Children of the above couple with spouses:
1.Zachariah Garbutt (1791-1833) eldest surviving son of above, brother of Cpt Wm Garbutt
Mary Lawson (1799- 1883) wife of above, sister in law of Cpt Wm Garbutt.
Children of this couple: several, including John Lawson Garbutt, seaman, born 1829, died in 1859, lost at sea on ship ‘Rosshire’.
The Lawson family history is complicated and has been subject of disputes over the centuries ( see post ‘Discord over Inheritance’). This first list indicates the line of the Lawsons who inherited estates and property and who were given the status of baronets which had been recognised ‘officially’.
EDMUND Lawson , Died 1551 Esquire of Byker & West Matsen manors in Northumberland & Durham
Married Margaret Swynhowe
Son and heir:
RALPH 1547-1623 Heir to above estates.
Married Elizabeth, heir to Manor of Burgh ( Brough) near Catterick, Yorkshire. Knighted by James I in 1603
Son & heir: